SAFETY & SECURITY
THE PROBLEM OF DISPLACED SYRIANS AND THE REFUGEES, DEEMED AS "THE GREATEST HUMANITARIAN CRISIS" NOWADAYS, HAVE GREAT IMPORTANCE IN THE VIEW OF TÜRK TELEKOM AS ALL PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN TURKEY.
In this context, Türk Telekom evaluated the local and international studies, reports, academic papers, governmental outputs that were carried out specifically for the refugees in Turkey and identified the priority areas respectively Safety & Security, Health, Education, Unemployment and Integration areas for emergency action planning. However, Türk Telekom believe that these data will not only contribute to the 5 major problems and issues mentioned above, but also contribute to the research to be done in other fields. Within this scope, Türk Telekom would like to thank the current and future partners for having explicitly stated the questions, issues and challenges the populations that are confronted with.
From April 2011 to September 2016, the number of Syrian citizens, escaped from the civil war in Syria and Syrian refugees in Turkey reached 2.7 million, and indeed with the other refugees, this number exceeds 3.5 million. At the beginning, immigration of Syrians to Turkey was seen as short termed and temporary visit, however, now it has been anticipated that they will be staying in Turkey for a longer time period and the significant portion of the Syrian population will not turn back their countries.
In this Project, Türk Telekom aims to ease problems of refugees and to support them by sharing information of its customers having refugee status with researchers, think tanks, aid commissions, unions, related public institutions that have activities in local, regional, continental and international arenas.
In addition, this project have intention to contribute solution of 5 major problems, having elements as increasing psychological resilience of refugees, decreasing risk factors emanating from their negative life conditions.Socio-cultural factors can be differentiated by different age, gender, ethnicity or religious groups. In other words, they cannot be generalized. Using the same problem solving methods for all the risk areas will decrease the impact of the support programs. Therefore, we are of the opinion that Türk Telekom datasets will have crucial impact on the research studies including right target groups and classifications.
OVERALL REFUGEES SAFETY & SECURITY SITUATION
Syrian refugee crisis can be investigated in two different main headings. One of them is intrinsic problems regarding protection, education, health, shelter and employment, the second issue is extrinsic that covers economic and politic originated problems in host countries, which are Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey.
Security of refugees needs to be established before other needs. An educational service cannot function unless parents are ensured of the safety of their children first. The restricted access to public services, high percentage of unemployment, rising housing costs in neighboring areas, and poor sanitary conditions in temporary refugee camps all mitigate the security issues. This problem is an international problem and it should be top priority of nations to find complete solution. Currently only 53 percent of the urgent needs of refugees are funded. For indirect solution to reduce the effects of refugee problem, the nation’s help resettlement of refugees in their country. Because of more secure immigrations policies and uncontrolled migration problems, there is no complete solution about resettlement.
When refugees feel physically and mentally insecure, they may be forced into an escape route that they believe is safer. It is often unsuccessful during this situation. In 2016, the number of mortal cases recorded in Aegean and Mediterranean is 3,760. It is thought that this number is going up to 30,000 annually together with unregistered figures.
AT THE CURRENT STAGE OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SAFETY AND SECURITY POLICY, THE NEEDS OF THE RESEARCH INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING ISSUES:
- The presence of refugees living in risky buildings
- Difficulties for women of violence victim to be placed in a female guest house
- High rental fee requests from homeowners.
- Unaccompanied and Separated Children
- Low levels of awareness of issues such as domestic violence, violence against women and early marriage
- Preventing Syrian women's participation in the workforce
- Lack of information about the divorce process
- Illegal border crossing