THE PROBLEM OF DISPLACED SYRIANS AND THE REFUGEES, DEEMED AS "THE GREATEST HUMANITARIAN CRISIS" NOWADAYS, HAVE GREAT IMPORTANCE IN THE VIEW OF TÜRK TELEKOM AS ALL PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN TURKEY.
In this context, Türk Telekom evaluated the local and international studies, reports, academic papers, governmental outputs that were carried out specifically for the refugees in Turkey and identified the priority areas respectively Safety & Security, Health, Education, Unemployment and Integration areas for emergency action planning. However, Türk Telekom believe that these data will not only contribute to the 5 major problems and issues mentioned above, but also contribute to the research to be done in other fields. Within this scope, Türk Telekom would like to thank the current and future partners for having explicitly stated the questions, issues and challenges the populations that are confronted with.
From April 2011 to September 2016, the number of Syrian citizens, escaped from the civil war in Syria and Syrian refugees in Turkey reached 2.7 million, and indeed, with the other refugees, this number exceeds 3.5 million. At the beginning, immigration of Syrians to Turkey was seen as short termed and temporary visit, however, now it has been anticipated that they will be staying in Turkey for a longer time period and the significant portion of the Syrian population will not turn back their countries.
In this Project, Türk Telekom aims to ease problems of refugees and to support them by sharing information of its customers having refugee status with researchers, think tanks, aid commissions, unions, related public institutions that have activities in local, regional, continental and international arenas.
In addition, this project have intention to contribute solution of 5 major problems, having elements as increasing psychological resilience of refugees, decreasing risk factors emanating from their negative life conditions.
Socio-cultural factors can be differentiated by different age, gender, ethnicity or religious groups. In other words, they cannot be generalized. Using the same problem solving methods for all the risk areas will decrease the impact of the support programs. Therefore, we are of the opinion that Türk Telekom datasets will have crucial impact on the research studies including right target groups and classifications.
OVERALL REFUGEES EMPLOYMENT SITUATION
Safe and legitimate employment is a fundamental human right. This situation is true for refugees and asylum seekers. A person can fulfill the basic survival requirements depending on safe and legal work.
More than 2.7 million Syrian refugees came to Turkey and more than 224 thousand Syrian babies were born in Turkey during this period. Approximately 1 million Syrians in the working age were able to participate in the registered economy with the legal work permit issued in January 2016. This law provides temporary protection for refugees and gives them the right to work under legal conditions. But, this right is limited to a workplace not exceeding 10% of the total number of employees.
The number of asylum seekers is expected to increase including those in the registered economy with the legal grant of the work permit.
Almost no refugees have any work permit. Lack of access to job market forces them to work illegally. But in black market, people are not eager to hire them because of trust issues. And they stay in big cities to get a job, but big cities are more expensive for living when compared to small ones. They are employed in non-skilled and irregular jobs and their wage are usually very low. Refugees who live in major cities have more work opportunity than encamped ones, but still opportunities are extremely limited.
AT THE CURRENT STAGE OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HEALTHCARE AND SOCIAL ACTION POLICY, THE NEEDS OF THE RESEARCH INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING ISSUES:
- Unregistered employment
- Lacking of sectoral and job market analysis for refugees, those with high skills have difficulty in finding a job
- Problems in women’s workforce
- Child labor
- Mendicity & Child forced mendicity
- Low salary conditions